The movie, Rabbit-Proof Fence, described a period in the first 20th century when the Australian government tried to exterminate the Aboriginals.
We read a preparation material before we saw the movie. I learned about the so called Stolen Generation, the children who were removed from their families by Australian government. I did not know that the Aboriginal children was the most affected of the Aboriginals. It is scary to think about that this happened just a couple of decades ago, and that it lasted for so long.
This was happening from 1900 to 1972, and it is sick to think about how humans could have done such terrible things for 72 year. We all know about the apartheid, the system of segregation and discrimination on grounds of race, in South Africa. Compared to that this happened just 40 years ago, it is weird how everybody knows more about the apartheid in South Africa.
The Australian did breach almost all the Human Rights by what they did to the half-caste children. They broke definitely Article 1 to 7. You can find more on Universal Declaration of Human Rights. I have listed the first seven Rights down here, taken from the un.org webpage.
- All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
- Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.
- Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.
- No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.
- No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
- Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law
- All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.
The rights the Australians broke was that they did not give the Aboriginals freedom and the same rights as other humans. They was discriminated by their race and some was also held in slavery.
In the movie, the girls escaped from a “camp” for Aboriginal children. They managed to walk a really long distance for nine weeks. I am not sure the girls could have managed to walk 1,500 miles in real life. They were small girls, and I do not think they would have managed it no matter how much motivation they had. At the same time, they were Aboriginals who lived in the nature, and they were maybe just to take walks. All they wanted was to come home, and they were also really clever girls. In my opinion, 1,500 miles sounds way to far to walk.
In 2008 the Australian people gave the Aboriginals an apology.
The Rabbit-Proof Fence (movie)
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights – United Nations